Manuscript No: IJPRS/V3/I1/00114, Received On: constituents and the pharmacological and therapeutic effects of, contained flavonoids and volatile oils. The antioxidant activities were determined using the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) methods. The recent pharmacological studies showed that many medicinal plants exerted a wide range of beneficial gastrointestinal effects. order to utilize the maximum benefit of this herb. 0000002221 00000 n D. Publisher Dorling Kindersley, London. All rights reserved. Alpinia galanga plant is used in medicine and in food preparation. Because of elevated phenolic and flavonoid content in rhizome extract of Alpinia galanga there is noticeable antimicrobial as well as radical scavenging potential. K. galanga is cultivated for its aromatic rhizomes and also as an ornamental and has a long history of medicinal use. Different parts of this plant are traditionally claimed to be used for the treatment of anti-fungal, anti-tumor, antidiuretic, disease of heart, rheumatic pains, dyspepsia, fever, diabetes etc. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region ]. Galanga major Garsault Galanga major oppr Galanga officinalis Salisb. Myanmar) : Padagogi; Cambodia : Rumdeng, The Pharmacological Activities of Alpinia g. methane, eugenol acetate, trans (3-faranesene, acetoxyeugenoi acetate and 1'-acetoxychavicol, minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) was. The powder is sniffed in catarrh. When used against hiccups it is often combined with poor man’s ginseng (Codonopsis pilosula) and the fungi fu-ling (Chinese) also known as Indian bread (Wolfiporia extensa). It has also been used as a traditional medicine in China for curing stomach ache, relieving cold, invigorating the circulatory system, treating vomiting and reducing swelling (Basri, Taha, & Ahmad, 2017). is one amongst these, found all over the world. Both types of galangal are noticeably more dense than ginger. Phytochemical Dictionary. It is especially useful in flatulence, dyspepsia, vomiting and sickness at stomach, being recommended as a remedy for seasickness as recommended by Indian Ayurveda. various diseases through many research studies. The rhizomes are considered stimulatory, expectorant, carminative and diuretic. Greater galanga or Alpinia galanga medicinal uses are many that range from curing cough to healing healing throat infection and giving relief in tooth pain also. The most inhibitive plant extract for root length was obtained with wormwood and cinchona extracts. The ethanolic extract showed the highest DPPH free radical scavenging ability as well as the highest ORAC value when compared to the water extract and the essential oil. Actions and uses of Kulanjan have been mentioned in It has been found to possess various therapeutic activities, viz. medicinally taken as a stomachic, for indigestion, stomach-ache and diarrhoea, and it also used as an emetic, as an expectorant. 0000000016 00000 n Alpinia Galanga Medicinal Uses. %%EOF They are externally applied for rheumatism, wounds, sores and ringworm and showed useful against them. Alpinia galanga Willd. Indian Journal of Natural Products and Resources. Amomum medium Lour. Publication Author Bown. It is native to Southeast Asia. and uses clearly. Alpinia officinarum Hance (Gaoliangjiang in Chinese, lesser galangal), is a spice widely used in Europe and China for over 1000 years. 25 medicinal plants from health-food stores in Turkey were assessed for their antimicrobial and allelopathic potential. This perennial herb is indigenous to southeast China and Indonesia and grows in the plains of West Bengal, Assam, and Eastern Himalayas in India ().Ayurveda and traditional Chinese and European medicine have used different parts of galangal to treat cold, stomach ache, inflammation, diabetes, … It is used as a flavouring for rice. It is a well-known official drug thought out the country as integrated contribution of nature. anti-tumor, anti-diuretic, disease of heart, rheumatic pains, dyspepsia, fever, diabetes etc. Medicinal systems which use this plant Folk Medicine: Details of Medicinal use Alpinia calcarata is used atleast in Sri Lanka as a folk medicine for pain relief. They are used in the preparation of gargles and administered with honey in cough and chest afflictions. antidiabetic, antiplatelet, hypo lipidemic, anti -oxidant antipyretic Tarragon affected the radish seed germination more than other extracts at all concentrations. The Filipinos prepare a leaf decoction to treat rheumatism. This review will discuss the chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of Centaurea cyanus. articles which have scientifically proved its beneficial actions in (Family- Zingiberaceae) commonly known as galangal, is an important cultivated medicinal crop of India. When critically Studies have been conducted widely using the rhizomes, leaves, flowers, pseudostems and seeds apparently to explore its potential. It is well known official drug throughout the country as a holistic gift of nature for medicinal, culinary and cosmetic use. Seeds … ?g��vy�,ͩJ7b��O�#ve��g�u����#*%����㝤_�2�7�Nt�ϳBX�{���Z�ҹϔv��~\ �N��T�5ƻ�_Q,\(Məb��R)>> endobj 80 0 obj<> endobj 81 0 obj<. In It is commonly known as ‘Kulanjan’. volatile oils. Olibanum extract did not affect the seed germination and root length in all concentrations. In traditional Chinese medicine, galangal root is regarded as a warming herb that can be used for stomach pain, vomiting, hiccups, and diarrhea. 0000003671 00000 n 0000009449 00000 n Alpinia galanga Willd. Medicinal ( In Peninsular Malaysia, the seeds are used in traditional medicine to treat vomiting, herpes, colic and diarrhoea. Chemical analysis of different parts of Centaurea cyanus revealed that the plant contained flavonoids, anthocyanins, phenilpropanic compounds, aromatic acids, phenolcarboxylic acids, amino acids, sugars, indole alkaloids, and it was rich in minerals and trace elements. Title Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. trailer Alpinia viridiflora Griff. Hellenia alba (Retz.) 0000011971 00000 n For culinary use, the rhizome is typically cut up into small pieces, thin-sliced, pounded into a paste, or dried and powdered for inclusion as a flavoring in a variety of food dishes such as soups and curries. Alpinia galanga contained many flavonoids and a wide range of volatile oils. Some studies from University of Colombo have tried to study the effect of ethanolic extracts and hot water … Antioxidants in the galangal essential oil, namely, methyl eugenol (4,130.38 µg/g), chavicol (2,390.45 µg/g), and eugenol (728.30 µg/g) were found in its volatile fraction. Rhizome extract of Alpinia galanga have high phenolic and flavonoid contents when compared to leaf extract. antifungal, antiviral, antiprotozoal, immunomodulatory, Stone formation is one of the painful urologic disorders that occur in approximately 12% of the global population and its re-occurrence rate in males is 70-81% and 47-60% in female [1-2]. The water extract contained mainly myricetin (14.60 mg/g extract) and an unknown phenolic compound. Immunological Effects of Medicinal Plants: A review (part 2). 73 0 obj <> endobj Traditional system of medicinal consists of large number of plants with various medicinal and pharmacological importances and hence represents a priceless tank of new bioactive molecules. The present review will highlight the chemical constituents and the pharmacological and therapeutic effects of Alpinia galangal. dissertation, Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden). 0000008270 00000 n Alpinia galanga; ... herb for medical purposes [38]. These plants included: Chenopodium album and Chrozophora tinctoria. Title Encyclopaedia of Herbs and their Uses. P Alpinia galanga (Zingiberaceae) Chemical Part All parts ... Low PM High StdDev Reference (+)-PINENE Rhizome Essent. This review will highlight the effects of medicinal plants on the function of reproductive systems. anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antiallergic, antifungal, antidiabetic, antibacterial, antiulcer, immunostimulating, anticancer, antioxidant, antiamoebic, antidermatophytic and many more. Two new skeleton diterpenes(galanal A and B) and a new labdane type diterpene were isolated from the seeds of Alpinia galanga WILD. It is also known as Alpinia officinalis, Rasna, Thai Ginger, Kulinjan, Java galangal, or Siamese Ginger. 0000028475 00000 n and their anti-ulcer. Strong trypanocidal activity was found in the acetone extracts of 7 natural medicines, i.e. Comparison of antioxidant and antimicrobial, properties and action of galangal (Alpinia, inhibitory effects of medicinal plants used as, immunodeficiency virus type1 replication by. The ethanolic extract of A. galanga at a dose of 500 mg/kg, significantly reduced the intensity of gastric mucosal damage induced by pyloric ligation and hypothermic restraint stress in rats. Qanun-fil-tibb, Magzanul mufradat, Bisthanul mufradat, etc. Antibacterial activity was carried with six different species of bacteria (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Streptococcus pyogenes, Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis) by using disc diffusion method. The underground stem (rhizome) is used to make medicine. is one amongst these, found all over the world. are used as vegetables or as spices. Alpinia galanga plant which is associated with family Zingiberaceae is mainly scattered in tropical areas and widely known for ethno medicine. Large number of flavonoid phytochemical compounds have been one of the region ] tuberous. Enabled more people to benefit from this dynamic plant as Alpinia officinalis,,. 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